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“You are remembered for the rules you break.” --Douglas MacArthur
Deciding which battle in the Pacific War is the bloodiest all depends on what numbers are being counted. Convincing arguments can be made for Tarawa, Iwo, Okinawa, and Peleliu, and possibly others.
One island’s name is not on the list. But it could have been.
The Japanese “fortress” of Rabaul had 60,000 soldiers, over 350 miles of tunnels, many airfields, and heavy defenses of all kinds. It was the largest case of the “bypass and let them wither on the vine” strategy the Allies pursued in the Pacific. And in fact, MacArthur considered it too large to bypass...too important to leave behind. He was overruled.
Operation Cartwheel was a miniaturized version of Allied Grand Strategy in the Pacific—a multi-pronged advance aimed to make it difficult for the Japanese to focus their responses... a jumping from air base to potential-next-airbase. (MacArthur called it, “Advancing the bomber line.”) And, most of all, the novel concept that not every Japanese stronghold needed to be attacked at all.
Some 13 different invasions or operations were included, with flexibility for adjusting both timing and target as the situation demanded. In fact, the original goal of Cartwheel (called “Elkton” when first proposed) was the capture of Rabaul. After much discussion in the highest levels (including the Combined Chiefs of Staff, Roosevelt, and Churchill), and overruling MacArthur's own objections, Cartwheel’s final objectives shifted to the Admiralty Islands, bypassing Rabaul and setting the stage for the invasion of the Philippines.
“Operation Cartwheel” eventually included the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, the death of Yamamoto, Bougainville, multiple parachute drops, a Japanese counter-invasion, and the leap-frogging strategy up New Guinea. It involved the top commanders on both sides, sometimes working in close harmony and sometimes at ends. (The Japanese army and navy had conflicting concepts of how to defend the area and each pursued their own ideas!)
Now, you can take charge of difficult decisions. The Allied commander must juggle resources at the end of a long, thin supply line. He must take risks to succeed. The Japanese commander must counter Allied strikes...fighting to delay, while always seeking the chance to strike back and make Allied risks more costly than they can afford.
With 288 5/8" counters and a 22 x 34 inch map (each hex representing about 100 miles) Operation Cartwheel integrates separate ground, naval, and air games. Logistics is key, as it was at the time, but not a burden in game mechanics.
MacArthur also said, “In war, there is no substitute for victory.” In Operation Cartwheel, there is no substitute for carefully chosen plans, executed with precision—and a dose of good fortune. But then, MacArthur also said, “The best luck of all is the luck you make for yourself.”
Make yourself a lucky owner of this challenging look at one of the core campaigns of the Pacific theater in WWII.
As always, the Annual features a “double-length” magazine, with an in-depth look at the history behind the game, plus other articles, and an assortment of replacement/improvement counters from that year’s games.
This Annual also features a bonus game on Gazala 1942, using the Stand at Mortain game system, with a full color (and larger than post card!) map and 64 die-cut 5/8" counters. Like all Annuals, the biggest challenge is getting everything back into the box! Get yours today.
Operation Cartwheel and the 2008 ATO Magazine Annual:
Maps - One full color 22"x34" mapsheet
Counters - 288 full color die-cut 5/8" pieces
Rules length - 16 pages
Charts and tables - 4 pages
Complexity - Medium
Solitaire suitability - Average
Playing time - Up to 2 to 3 hours for the smaller scenarios, 12 to 15 hours for the full campaign game
Design - Paul Rohrbaugh
Development - Lembit Tohver
Graphic Design - Craig Grando